Assessments and Therapies
The Croft uses a range of therapies and assessment strategies in supporting children and helping their development, including the following:
Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule 2 (ADOS2)
The Croft uses ADOS2 to provide accurate assessment and diagnosis of autism and pervasive development disorders in children related to their age, development level and language skills. This is a play and talking based assessment that takes 30 to 45 minutes and is administered by a senior clinician.
Autism Diagnostic Interview (ADI)
The Autism Diagnostic Interview is a structured interview conducted with the parents of children who have been referred for the evaluation of possible autism or autism spectrum disorders. The interview focuses on the areas of social interaction, communication and language, and patterns of behaviour. It takes two to three hours to complete.
This therapy uses techniques to encourage desired behaviours and discourage undesired behaviours. It involves the use of carefully chosen rewards and consequences to help shape a child's behaviour.
This is an approach that tries to understand how a child's difficulties connect with the people in his/her life. These can include parents, carers, siblings, wider family, friends and school, etc. Understanding the ways in which the relationships connect can be helpful for all those involved. Family therapy usually involves the family in different combinations: parents, siblings and sometimes all together.
Once a week parents meet to explore and understand their own past and current difficulties and how they may impact on their parenting. The group allows parents to feel supported by other parents who share their experience, and helps to make them feel less isolated.
The music therapist works at The Croft for two days a week. Individual sessions, group sessions and sessions for children and their families are offered as part of this service. The music therapist uses his/her musical skills and knowledge of music to establish musical interactions with children and families. Musical interaction can promote positive relationships and emotional expression. These musical interactions may shed new light on the children’s and/or the families’ strengths and difficulties. Music therapy diagnostic assessments can assist the team in assessing children or families. Short-term music therapy treatment may be able to address some of the difficulties a child or a family may be experiencing.
Story stem assessment
In this play assessment, children are presented with a range of different family scenarios as the beginnings of a story, using doll and animal figures. The child is then invited to complete the stories in whatever way they like. This allows an insight into the child's expectations and perceptions of family roles, attachments and relationships, without asking the child direct questions. It also has the advantage for younger children of allowing both verbal and non-verbal means of representation.
The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC)
WISC is an individually administered intelligence test for children between the ages of 6 and 16 that can be completed without reading or writing. The WISC test takes 60–80 minutes to administer and generates an IQ score which represents a child’s general cognitive ability.